By Rudy Chalco
Perhaps from the many ways to describe the ancient capital of the Inkas and its geography, the one which fits the best to describe Cuzco is that one, because when you are over fliying the area you can see how there are mountains, small valleys, rivers, creeks, canyons and all kinds of geological formations due to the origin of the Andes more than 25 million years ago. As it is known now, because of the tectonic of plates the are suffered a phenomena called subduction by which a couple of the most important plates in the Word: The continental plate and Nazca started to collide one each other and finally after so much friction and pushing between one and the other the Nazca plate ended going underneath the continental plate causing a Mega push of dirt and rocks all the way to some 22800 feet which is the height of the highest mountain on the Andes, Aconcagua in Argentina. This phenomena it is still happening and as we know by studies done by Argentinian geologist it grows up some ½ milimeter and turns narrower some 4.5 milimeters every year. Cuzco happens to be right in the heart of the Andes and it is perhaps th best simple to see all the different kinds of textures created by Mother nature called locally as Pachamama.
When the first Spanish came to the Inka land, called back then Tawantinsuyo, from which Cuzco was the capital, there was a confussion and because of it even now we keep the name of this mighty mountains, they asked about the name of the area and they were told in Quechua, that the name of the tribu inhabiting that zone were the Antis, but the conquistadors thought they were talking about the area and so named the whole mountain range: Andes, which is still the name of the group of mountains, the longest of the world, where Inkas founded the most important empire back in the XV century.